Technology-facilitated stalking and abuse is the use of technology (such as the internet, social media, mobile phones, computers, and surveillance devices) to stalk and perpetrate abuse on a person.
The following legal guides look at four primary areas of law relevant to people experiencing technology-facilitated stalking and abuse.
Legal Guide to Relevant Criminal Offences in the NT
This guide looks at the various criminal offences that may apply to a person who is perpetrating technology-facilitated stalking and abuse.
Legal Guide to Surveillance Legislation in the NT
This guide looks at what the law says about surveillance devices – when it is an offence to use them and what the restrictions are on sharing information/videos/pictures obtained through the use of surveillance devices.
Legal Guide to Domestic Violence Orders in the NT
This guide looks at how people can obtain protection orders from the court to protect them from technology-facilitated stalking and abuse. In the NT these protection orders are called Domestic Violence Orders (DVOs).
Legal Guide to Image-Based Abuse Legislation in the NT
This guide looks at what the law says about image-based abuse – when it is an offence to record or distribute intimate images and what legal options exist for victims of image-based abuse.
DISCLAIMER: The use of technology-facilitated violence is a developing area of the law. The legal information, examples and scenarios contained in the guide are intended to explain the law as it stands at publication in general terms only and are not legal advice. They cannot be relied upon or applied by readers in their own cases. Each set of circumstances needs to be looked at individually. You should seek legal advice about your own particular circumstances.
‘Victim’ vs ‘Survivor’
Some women who are experiencing, or who have experienced, domestic violence use the term ‘victim’ of domestic violence to describe themselves. Others believe the term ‘survivor’ of domestic violence more accurately reflects their experience.
Whilst acknowledging that each woman’s experience is unique and individual to her circumstances, for consistency, these guides will refer to women who are experiencing, or who have experienced, domestic violence as ‘victims’ of domestic violence.
While domestic violence can happen in many circumstances, in the vast majority of reported domestic violence cases men are the perpetrators and women the victims. For this reason these guides use ‘he’ to refer to perpetrators and ‘she’ to refer to victims. This is not intended to exclude other situations.
Criminal Offence (or offence)
A criminal offence is an offence against the State. It is commonly referred to as ‘breaking the law’.
Less serious offences (such as obscenity or threatening violence), are known as summary offences. Summary offences are dealt with by the Court of Summary Jurisdiction.
Indictable (serious) offence
More serious offences (such as murder, manslaughter, sexual assault) are known as indictable offences and are usually dealt with by the Supreme Court.
When a person is charged with an offence, it means that the police have formally accused that person of committing an offence.
When a person is convicted of an offence, it means that person has either pleaded guilty to committing the offence, or a court has found that person guilty of committing the offence.
Criminal legislation usually describes the amount payable for a fine in a “penalty unit”. Penalty units are used instead of dollar amounts because the rate for penalty units is indexed for inflation and may change from time to time. The Department of the Attorney-General and Justice sets the amount for one penalty unit for each year in accordance with the Penalty Units Act. For 2018 to 2019 a single unit = $155.